Drought is Always a Consideration

We continually talk of grazing management, grazing density, plant diversity and countless other issues to improve our grazing resources. Hopefully resulting in better grazing conditions and above all a healthier ecosystem that provides benefits not only to the ranching community, but the urban public that is finding improving rangeland conditions are beneficial to all, even those that reside in high population areas.

For those rangelands west of the 100th meridian, perhaps the greatest challenge of grazing management is preparing for the next drought which is looming ‘just around the corner’. When the grazing manager finds or understands that preparation for drought is no different than improving his rangeland during wet or what some call normal rainfall conditions. (In my area of ranching normal is dry or drought conditions. In the last 55 years observing rainfall conditions, I estimate that we have survived over 9 to 10 droughty related times. Some more prolonged and severe than others, from 6 months to 3 years. Perhaps better said an extended dry spell averaging every 5 to 7 years.) Those rangelands that have been managed under the influence of a properly applied grazing-recovery from grazing program, during the good years, always come through the extended dry spells in better condition than those lands that are “Used to the fullest” during the wet spells, and not given the opportunity to recover and build soil health.

In short, well managed lands are less prone to the devastating effects of drought than those lands that are taken advantage of during good growing conditions. The opportunity to provide a dependable income for the rancher’s family is greatly enhanced when drought is no longer an ongoing part of the operation. (Or at least the severity of it.) Reduction of livestock numbers at drought initiated low prices and purchasing-feeding high-cost drought feed are both huge when calculating ranch profitability.

The below picture is of Southwestern Bristle Grass a plant that I did not know existed a few years back. Somewhat similar the Plains Bristle Grass, it has a much wider leaf and appears to be much more drought tolerant and palatable than its cousin. Cattle will take a bite of it just about every time, even when passing up the Plains Bristle. It is increasing in coverage at a rapid rate and ultimately may be one of our better grasses. Thanks to grazing program utilizing the REST-GRAZE-REST-GRAZE formula.

May be an image of grass and nature
Photo provided by Ward Whitworth

Drought Management

While preparing for an NCBA Webinar presentation discussing drought management, which was aired March 24, 2020 at 7:00PM. Managing Drought – Effective Mitigation Strategies. If you have an interest in viewing it can be found at:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x8Iw0lXoeCA&fbclid=IwAR1ij2e5Blce2sA3DeOeWFIpR2UsSJDw1AOygytoKmObq4ZZ1HeXk7O6ibw&app=desktop

While preparing for the presentation I realized that with the current China virus issues (Corona Virus for some), we are rapidly moving into an economic drought. As with rain related droughts the forecasters are all over the board, but it is my reasoning that, as with that shortage of rainfall, we had all better be preparing for an extended economic ‘drought’. Once again as with a rainfall drought, those that have prepared prior to that ‘dry spell’ will fare the issues and perhaps ‘calamities’ better than those that have not prepared.

One thing that is a given is that those rangeland managers (ranchers) that have developed an effective grazing management program that focuses on profitability of that ranching operation and the environmental improvement that goes with that profitability, will fare this economic drought much better than those that are just ‘going with the flow’ of continuous grazing.

As I plan to emphasize in the Webinar: Prepare for the worst of the droughts early on, not procrastinating to the point of ‘panic’ resolutions. Then, just maybe, the forecast will be for better times returning soon.DSC00852